There are three main types of special status that a species may have in South Africa:
1. A threatened or protected species,
listed under the National Environmental Management Biodiversity Act (NEMBA) regulations on Threatened
and Protected Species;
2. A CITES listed species, listed on one of the Appendices of the Convention on
International Trade in Endangered Species (CITES) to which South Africa is a signatory;
3. A species, that has been assessed for its conservation status using
The World Conservation Union (IUCN) criteria for red-listing of species.
For more information on each of these types of status, click on the links above.
Summary of the types of listings
The summary below provides a comparison of South Africa’s own legislation regulating species (NEMBA Regulations: Threatened and Protected
Species Assessment) and those of the IUCN and CITES.
|NEMBA Regulations on Threatened and Protected Species
||IUCN Red List Assessments
|The focus is on activities that can be regulated using permits.
||The focus is on international trade.
||The focus is on threats causing a high risk of extinction.
|Species are listed under threatened or protected categories.
||Species are listed on 3 appendices.
||Species are listed as Threatened, Near Threatened, Least Concern or Data Deficient.
|Species are assessed based on expert opinion.
||Species are assessed against a methodology agreed to by the Parties to the Convention.
||Species are assessed using the IUCN Red List Categories and criteria.