Red List of South African Species

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This species is endemic to the southern Africa region where it has a wide range and is locally abundant. No population declines are known or expected and the species is assessed as Least Concern, globally. In South Africa, it has only been recorded once in 1963 in the southern Kruger National Park. Despite many searches in recent years it has not been recollected. As this area has suffered great climatic fluctuations in recent years, both flood and drought events, could have affected both larva and adult life phases of this species. Since South Africa can be recolonized from elsewhere if favorable conditions should return, surveys are encouraged to inform the reassessment of the species at the national level. The species is currently assessed as Regionally Extinct.


This species is endemic to the southern Africa region. It occurs in Botswana, Namibia, Zambia, and Zimbabwe, with only one historical record in South Africa (Kruger National Park) from 1963.

Population trend


No recent records in South Africa, while it is locally common in other areas where it is present such as the Zambezi River.


In South Africa, it is highly susceptible to drought and flood events associated with El Niño Southern Oscillation (ENSO) cycles. No known threats from other areas at present.


No conservation measures are known to be in place or planned at present.

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