Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a very widespread and disturbance-tolerant species with no known major threats. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


Tholymis tillarga is widespread over the whole Old World tropics, where it is a strong migrant which may be potentially recorded anywhere in Sub-Saharan Africa (K.-D. Dijkstra pers. comm. 2011), Asia, Australia and the Indian Ocean Islands (Dijkstra and Clausnitzer 2014). Migrations do not reach Europe. In the eastern range this species extends throughout India, eastwards to southern China and Japan and southwards throughout southeast Asia to Australia, New Guinea, Micronesia, Palau and Kiribati (Lieftinck 1962), Solomon Islands (Lieftinck 1968), Marshall Islands (Asahina 1940), Nauru (Buden 2008), New Caledonia (Grand et al. 2014), Fiji (Marinov and Waqa-Sakiti 2013), French Polynesia (Polhemus et al. 2000), Samoa and Tonga (Fraser 1925).

Population trend


The population size is unknown but this species is very common across much of southeast Asia and locally very common in Africa. It is under-recorded due to its crepuscular behaviour.


This widespread and disturbance-tolerant species is not under any major threats.

Uses and trade

This species is not utilised.


This species does not need any conservation actions.

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