Red List of South African Species

Alternatively, Explore species
Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major threats and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


This species has been recorded from northern South Africa and Botswana to Sudan, and west to Gambia. It is common in more forested parts of western Africa. It is known from all central African countries. In southern Africa, this species is recorded from in the tropical north, but does not occur in the arid southwest or in the Cape. There is only one record of subspecies pseudosjoestedti from South Africa; in lower reaches of the Sabie River in the Kruger National Park (Clark and Samways 1994) and it has not been recorded at that site after the floods of February 2000 (Samways 2006).

Population trend


The population size is unknown.


Habitat destruction caused by agriculture and water pollution may threaten this species, but not yet to an alarming rate. No detailed information is available, but it is unlikely to be facing serious threats across its entire range.

Uses and trade

This species is not used.


This species occurs in some protected areas but no other conservation measures are known. Research into population size and range, biology and ecology, habitat status and threats, as well as monitoring of the population trend, would be valuable.

Lead agencies, Partners, Funders and Data providers

See the partners page