Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major threats and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


This species is widespread from South Africa to Kenya, Uganda and southern and eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. There are old records from Angola but these are not included in this assessment. It is not found in Namibia or in the Kalahari.

Population trend


The population size is unknown.


The major threats to this species are habitat loss through drainage and destruction of swampy habitats caused by agriculture and wood extraction, as well as water pollution.

Uses and trade

This species is not used.


No precise information is available on conservation actions but research into and monitoring of the population trend would be valuable.

Lead agencies, Partners, Funders and Data providers

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