Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major threats. It is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


This species is widespread from South Africa to Tanzania and Angola. In central Africa, this species has been recorded from Zambia, Angola and southern Democratic Republic of Congo. In southern Africa, this species is widespread in the tropical north, ranging southwards to Natal. It is not found in the Cape or the arid southwest.

In northeastern Africa, this species was previously confused with P. niloticum, which is the reason why this species has been listed for Kenya, Somalia and Ethiopia erroneously.

Population trend


The population size is unknown.


The major threats to this species are water pollution, habitat loss caused by drainage and deforestation of swampy habitats caused by agriculture.

Uses and trade

This species is not used.


No information is available on conservation actions but research into and monitoring of the population trend would be valuable.

Lead agencies, Partners, Funders and Data providers

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