Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


Pantala flavescens is an almost worldwide species with flourishing subpopulations on every continent but Antarctica, although rare in Europe. The population is stable and there are no known major widespread threats that would cause this species to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is assessed as Least Concern.


Pantala flavescens is a circumtropical species known from all continents except Antarctica. It is an obligate migrant, its migrations linked to the monsoon front, and has been recorded from all Afrotropical countries, including Madagascar and the nearby islands, apart from Burundi where it probably also occurs. Farther north, small numbers of migrants have been found in all other African countries, except Libya and Western Sahara which is most likely due to inadequate field work. Out of Africa, this species is commonly found in the Arabian Peninsula and all the Middle East and reaches southern Europe occasionally (records from Bulgaria, Montenegro, Rhodes Island, mainland Greece at the Turkish border, and European Turkey, north Caucasus area). In Asia, this species is known to occur north to central Asia, southern Siberia, Kamchatka and Japan, and south to Australia. In the Americas, it is widespread throughout the Neotropics, including the islands of the Caribbean and Galapagos, and throughout the United States and southern Canada. It is rarely recorded in the Pacific Northwest and has not been found in Labrador, Saskatchewan, British Columbia, Alaska, or the more northerly Canadian territories. The northernmost records are probably vagrants. It occurs in eight provinces in Canada, 46 states in the United States of America, and 30 states in Mexico. In addition, it has been found on most Pacific islands, including the Hawaiian Islands, and probably breeds, if only as a migrant, in the great majority of localities where it has been recorded. It is the only Odonata species that occurs on the Easter Island.

Population trend


This species is abundant throughout its tropical range, the widest of any odonate.


There are no significant threats presently affecting this species. The temporary wetlands where it breeds are susceptible to drought from climate change, but as this species is migratory with great flight powers, individuals will usually be able to disperse far enough to find water.

Uses and trade

This species is not used.


No conservation actions are needed for this very widespread and common species.

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