Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


The species has been recorded from South Africa to Angola, Zambia, south Democratic Republic of Congo, Malawi.

In central Africa, it is known from southern Democratic Republic of Congo, record from Congo needs confirmation.

In eastern Africa, it has been recorded in Kenya, Tanzania, Uganda, Malawi and Burundi: Malawi, no precise records.

Population trend


Population size is unknown.


Water pollution and forest destruction due to agriculture and wood extraction are threats to this species.


No conservation measures known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

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