Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major threats and it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


This species has been recorded from Ethiopia southwards to South Africa and westwards to Angola. There are also records from Nigeria.

Population trend


The population size is unknown.


Drainage and destruction of swampy habitats due to agriculture, and wood extraction are the main threats. Water pollution is also a threat to this species. However, this species is unlikely to be seriously under threat across its whole range

Uses and trade

This species is not used.


No conservation measures are known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable. Habitat and site-based conservation is also required.

Lead agencies, Partners, Funders and Data providers

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