Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. It is therefore assessed as Least Concern.


The species has been recorded from South Africa to Tanzania, the occurrence in Malawi is assumed. A record from Kenya needs confirmation.

Population trend


Population size is unknown.


The main threats to the species are drainage and destruction of swampy habitats through agriculture and wood plantations. Water pollution is also a threat.


No conservation measures known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

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