Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major widespread threats and that is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category. Globally, therefore, it is assessed as Least Concern.


The species has been recorded from South Africa to Tanzania and south Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Population trend


Population size is unknown.


The major threats to this species are habitat loss due to agriculture, groundwater extraction, and water pollution.


No conservation measures known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

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