Red List of South African Species

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Least Concern (LC)


This is a widespread species with no known major threats. It is assessed as Least Concern as it is unlikely to be declining fast enough to qualify for listing in a threatened category.


This species is one of the most common species in southern Africa, becoming progressively scarcer in the north and especially westwards in Africa.

Population trend


The population size is unknown.


The main threats to this species are habitat loss due to agriculture and wood plantations, groundwater extraction and water pollution.

Uses and trade

There is no use or trade information for this species.


No conservation measures are known but information on taxonomy, population ecology, habitat status and population trends would be valuable.

Lead agencies, Partners, Funders and Data providers

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