RationaleThe large-bodied and gregarious African Straw-coloured Fruit-bat occurs widely across the lowland rainforest and savannah regions of Africa. In the assessment region, it has been widely but patchily recorded across the central plateaus of South Africa. There are no known breeding colonies within the assessment region; the closet one is located in Marromeu in central Mozambique. This species exists in modified landscapes and is often recorded in urban areas. Though it is in decline in other parts of Africa, due to harvesting pressure for bushmeat and traditional medicine, these uses have not been recorded within the assessment region and no regional declines are suspected. Thus, we list this species as Least Concern. Data on additional colonies (especially breeding colonies), population size and trend as well as establishing the threats to this species within the assessment region are needed as it may qualify for a threatened listing and/or a conservation dependent status, especially given the decline of this species in other parts of its range and the potential importance of the assessment region as a regional refuge.
Regional population effects: Within the assessment region, it is either an irregular visitor, or possibly a regular migrant at the edge of its range, but does not breed within the region. Large-scale feeding and migratory movements have been documented (Richter & Cumming 2008) and thus rescue effects are likely possible.